Welcome To My Site

Welcome to the site of Darren Naish: vertebrate palaeozoologist, author, public speaker, illustrator and technical consultant. My primary interests involve the life appearance, behaviour and evolution of extinct animals (especially dinosaurs, pterosaurs and marine reptiles), the history of palaeoart, vertebrate evolutionary history in general, and cryptozoology.

A montage of images relevant to my work; the Neovenator images are from Barker et al. (2017); the dolphin photo is by Alex Srdic; the sea monster image is from a Fortean Times article (Naish 2000).
  • I’ve published numerous books and both technical and popular articles but am best known for my blog Tetrapod Zoology, currently (as of 2021) in its 16th year.
  • I work as a consultant and author for Dorling Kindersley, Usborne and other publishers of children’s books. Since 1998 I have led a major effort to replace aesthetically bad and technically inaccurate artwork in the work of these publishers (specifically that pertaining to dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals); if you see good-looking or accurate palaeoart in the books concerned, check to see who the consultant was!


  • In 2012, John Conway, Memo Kosemen and I collaborated in the production of All Yesterdays, a palaeoart-themed book widely said to be one of the most influential works published on the subject. It can be obtained here.
  • In 2014, John Conway and I organised TetZooCon: a day of events (talks, book signings, a palaeoart workshop) involving everything relevant to the TetZooniverse. This was a substantial success and we held subsequent TetZooCons in 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019. It has expanded to a two-day event and grown substantially in size and attendance. Summaries of these meetings can be found here. If you’re interested in speaking or presenting at TetZooCon, or in selling merchanidse, please contact us. During 2020 and 2021 we held zoom-based digital events, termed TetZooMCon.


  • Between 2016 and 2018 I was the scientific adviser for the travelling interactive visitor attraction Dinosaurs in the Wild.
  • In 2018 I worked in Zigong, China as consultant for the construction of life-sized dinosaur models for Dino Don Inc. The models I assisted with are today on show at the Bronx Zoo, New York.
  • I am also guest curator for the Monsters of the Deep exhibition at the National Maritime Museum, Falmouth, Cornwall.
  • I currently work as a consultant for specialist factual television projects.
In 2018 I supervised the construction of life-sized animatronic dinosaur models at Gengu Dinosaurs in Zigong, China.
Dinosaurs in the Wild, previously on show in Birmingham, Manchester and London but currently (August 2020) closed to the public.
Monsters of the Deep, currently (August 2020) on show at the National Maritime Museum, Falmouth.

This site’s primary function is to serve as a repository for my publications (technical papers, book reviews and some popular and semi-popular articles). Please GO HERE for access to these. I also sell signed copies of my books. Please GO HERE to see what’s currently available.


  • September 2021: the second TetZooMCon event happened and was a substantial success. See the article here.
  • August 2021: with Will Tattersdill, I published a lengthy review of the backstory to Dale Russell’s infamous dinosauroid model in Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences. For a discussion on events see the article here.
  • July 2021: my long-in-prep paper on the flight behaviour of juvenile pterosaurs – co-authored with Mark Witton and Liz Martin-Silverstone – is finally out in Scientific Reports. The paper itself is OA and can be accessed here. A Tetrapod Zoology write-up of the work is here.
  • September 2020: still nothing to report on TetZooCon 2020. It looks unlikely that it will go ahead due to the COVID crisis.
  • August 2020: News of the death of palaeoart Brian Franczak arrived in August 2020; I felt compelled to write about Brian and his work here at Tetrapod Zoology
  • August 2020: with Chris Barker, Neil Gostling and a team of colleagues, I’ve just published the new Cretaceous Isle of Wight theropod dinosaur Vectaerovenator inopinatus. The paper was delayed for COVID-themed reasons, but has now (Sept 2020) been published: go here (it’s Open Access).
  • Summer 2020: Monsters of the Deep is open!! For more go here; a Tetrapod Zoology article will appear soon.

Research Interests

I’m a vertebrate palaeontologist, author and consultant affiliated with the University of Southampton, UK. I work on dinosaurs (especially theropods and sauropods), pterosaurs, fossil marine reptiles and other vertebrate animals.

Images: skeletal reconstruction of Eotyrannus; the azhdarchid Arambourgiania to scale with theropods and a human (image by Mark Witton); a whimsical Cretaceous Ichthyosaur Revolution poster, images by Bob Nicholls, compositing by Valentin Fischer.

My areas of special interest include the diversity of European azhdarchoid pterosaurs, ichthyosaur evolution across the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary, the anatomy and phylogeny of Early Cretaceous theropod dinosaurs, the timing of the theropod and avian radiation, sexual selection theory as applied to fossil animals, and the flight behaviour of feathered dinosaurs. See my publication list for relevant published work. See links below for news stories concerning my research.

Research Quality

My research has been published in Science, Journal of Zoology, Trends in Evolution and Ecology, PLOS ONE, PeerJ, Biology Letters, Journal of Systematic Palaeontology and Journal of Vertebrate PaleontologyGoogle Scholar currently lists my overall h-index at 32 and i10-index at 71.

Books – Writing – Consultancy

I produce technical research on dinosaurs, marine reptiles and other animals, but I also write popular articles for magazines, including Scientific American, BBC Focus and Fortean Times. I have written or contributed to over ten books. Some are written for a technical audience (Dinosaurs of the Isle of Wight, co-written with David Martill, and Dinosaurs and Other Extinct Saurians: A Historical Perspective, co-edited with Richard Moody, Eric Buffetaut and David Martill) but most are popular books written for older children and interested adults. They include Dinosaurs: How They Lived and Evolved (co-authored with Paul Barrett; Natural History Museum, 2016), Hunting Monsters (Arturus, 2017), Walking With Dinosaurs: The Evidence (co-authored with David Martill; BBC Books, 2001), The Great Dinosaur Discoveries (A&C Black/University of California Press, 2009), Dinosaur Record Breakers (Carlton Book, 2011), and All Yesterdays (co-authored with John Conway and C. M. Kosemen, Lulu Books, 2012). Other books are currently underway.

A Brief Biography

The author, in the field.
The author, in the field and looking for dinosaurs in the English Lower Cretaceous, in 2006.

From 1997 to 2006 I worked on the predatory dinosaurs of the Lower Cretaceous of southern England, focusing for my PhD on the tyrannosauroid Eotyrannus. In 2007, I worked for London-based media company Impossible Pictures, and latterly as a technical editor, a freelance author, and as a lecturer. Between 2012 and 2015 I co-ran a masters course in vertebrate palaeontology at the University of Southampton wherein I lectured on vertebrate diversity and evolutionary history.

I write extensively about amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals (living and extinct) for my blog, Tetrapod Zoology, today in its fourth iteration and now fully independent. Tetrapod Zoology (= TetZoo) is one of the most-read zoological blogs in the world. TetZoo ver 2 – hosted at ScienceBlogs between 2007 and 2011 – received over 7 million hits during that period. TetZoo ver 3 was hosted at Scientific American; they’re a great brand to be attached to, but I had to leave since their take on image use and reader comments proved incompatible with my plans.

I spend as much time in the field as possible, looking at live animals. I have conducted palaeontological fieldwork in England (Isle of Wight, East Sussex, Yorkshire coast), north Africa (Morocco and Libya) and Romania.

Our Romanian field vehicles.

Lecturing and Public Speaking

I have extensive experience lecturing to both technical and popular audiences. I regularly give talks to local groups and societies on zoological and palaeontological topics: talks of recent months have included those on the biology of pterosaurs, sexual selection theory as applied to dinosaurs, the reality or otherwise of sea monsters, the history of European big cats, the British big cat phenomenon, and the evolution of marine reptiles.

I can be contacted at eotyrannus@gmail.com. I tweet: @TetZoo. Recent research and other news is typically reported at Tetrapod Zoology.

Online News On My Research


  1. Steve Latham says:

    Re: swimming giraffes — the head would have to be held out at a strange angle (low, relative to its usual angle to the shoulder) in large part due to the difficulty of filling its lungs with the water pressure being so high at depth, no? I imagine this, because it’s hard to breath using the full length of a very long snorkel. Thanks for answering my inane questions.

  2. Adam Harrison says:

    Hi Darren,
    Just like to say I live in Australia, I have just read you article on large feral cats. I used to shoot a lot, about 15 years ago while out shooting feral pigs my hunting moved onto cats as there were a lot in the location, near the Qld, NSW boarder near Inglewood. In one night I shot probably 20 to 25 cats, and probably the same number of pigs, the next morning I shot a cat that was very dark in colour weighing over 20+kg I hung him on a barbed wire fence, base of his tail on the top strand, this would have been at about 1100mm high his weight probably drew it down 80 to 100mm, its front legs were on the floor and its nose would have been a few 60mm from the ground, I’d estimated the body / head length at about 900 long, I only saw this cat because of the dark colour, in the early morning light, When I shot him he was hunting a small wild pig. The brown tabbies are harder to hunt during the day time as they blend at night just look for the bright green eyes.

  3. Justin says:

    ER, hello. I’m sort of a casual, but enthusiastic, onlooker to dinosaur research and discoveries. This, to the extent that I’m trying to create a work of fiction based thereon.

    Currently, I’m doing the research for it. The main part of the story has to do with the Jurassic–namely, the Jurassic period in the area of the southern US, like Montana, Nevada, and other (currently) arid regions.

    What I am currently looking at is Pterosaurs, about which you apparently know a great deal. I don’t see a lot of relevant research on Jurassic American Pterosaurs, and I was wondering if you could direct me to some resources thereabout… (Sadly, the articles I find on Wikipedia are somewhat lacking descriptively).

    I’m striving towards dinosaur (and setting) accuracy. It has a lot to do with human (and other contemporary animal) interaction, but I think that’s “out there” enough that I could work out the logistics by myself. Still, even if the base concepts and logistics of the setting are off, I REALLY want to be accurate about the behavior of the animals themselves. I have a few interesting concepts hammered down, like Allosaur not being a poor man’s Jurassic Tyrannosaurus (instead having Torvosaurus in that role) and hunting in ways that compensate for its relatively low bite-force.

    That said, I would really appreciate some help in regards to Pterosaurs and the general North American Jurassic environment, even if only in the form of a few links.

  4. ray urbaniak says:

    Hi Darren: You use an antelope fossil chart in your article attributed to Jannis and Manning 1998. I would like to use that in a new article for the Pleistocene Coalition, do I need to get permission from them?, If so how?

  5. brooke says:

    Is there a way i can contact you through email, Mr Nash

  6. Bato says:

    I was reading your blog one day and I noticed something interesting:


  7. Eli C. says:

    Hey man do you have an email address, I love all things related to marine life and especially reptiles. I was wondering where that picture with the carcass of the marine reptile was taken. Great stuff, any creatures that exist today which a far outside the normal realm of knowledge and belief and such excellent proof that so much more exists than we realize. Thanks and keep up the good work!

  8. Hi Darren,
    You might like to check out my website (see link) It may or may not be of interest but I am always on the look out for informed comments..
    Its (currently) just a simple repository of information that people might want to store. It’s still at an early stage
    It started off as a place for cryptological sightings (to debunk or otherwise)
    I have an associated facebook page “FossilWatch” (for fossil reports!). If I get any interest I might put together a supporting app. One idea is that it could cross correlate interesting sightings to find patterns etc). If you click on the contact page, the developers will be happy help.

  9. Ray Pawley says:

    Question: Does evidence exist that Pterosaurs had lymph systems powered by lymphatic hearts as in todays reptiles, Struthioformes and perhaps dinosaurs?

  10. Paul H LeBlond says:

    Hello Darren….if you are still interested in Cadborosaurus, please e-mail me a mailing address so I can send you a revised and updated version of available info. New book “Discovering Cadborosaurus”…LeBlond, Kirk, Walton.
    Best wishes,

    Paul LeBlond

  11. Carl says:

    Hi! I loved tetzoomcon, especially since I will never be able to attend in person, and I would like you and John Conway and Sharon Hill to know that I would happily pay a good bit more than 10 pounds to be able to attend virtually again!

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